Emerald is one of the most precious stones from the beryl group. The name comes from the French word ‘esmeralde’ that was derived from the Greek word ‘smaragdos’ and means ‘green stone’. The best way to describe emerald is as a medium to dark colored gem that has one of the most unique colors in the global gem collection.
Emerald can easily be confused with colored beryl which is why it is important to look for the actual data and information associated with the gem. True emerald also has a unique green color which is unparalleled in the world of gemstones. Because of that, emerald is usually placed in the ‘precious four’ group along with sapphire, ruby and diamond.
Even though emeralds are some of the most valuable gemstones on the market today, most of them are heavily included and have a poor resistance to breakage. Colombia is the most common source for emeralds, with many deposits of the precious stone. Some of the newly discovered deposits of emerald are in South America, Africa and Europe. Today, Brazil and Zambia are among the leading producers of emeralds.
Brazilian emeralds are very popular and unique because of their clarity and yellowish green color, while Zambian emeralds are desired because of their unique bluish-green color. However, Colombia is the proudest producer of true ‘emerald-green’ emerald stones.
Almost every emerald that is naturally mined today contains distinct characteristic inclusions. Almost all of them are treated with oil or resin in order to fill the tiny fissures and cracks. The presence of these flaws makes it easy to identify and distinguish natural emeralds among the common gemstones.
From the Turkish sultans to Queen Elizabeth II, emeralds have been loved by everyone. They are commonly used in necklaces, bracelets, pendants and other types of jewelry. Emerald is the official birthstone for May and the official anniversary gemstone for commemorating the 20th and the 35th year of marriage.