Morganite is the pink to purplish variety of Beryl which is a material that is best known for its gem varieties Emerald and Aquamarine. However, other gem forms such as Morganite are also desirable.
This gem is a cousin to some of the more familiar beryls including emerald and aquamarine. It has many redeeming qualities such as clarity, luster, durability and brilliance. However, this gem is a relatively recent addition to the list of precious gems.
Morganite was named after J.P. Morgan who is one of the greatest financiers in history who is also a popular mineral collector. The gem is also known as “pink beryl”, “rose beryl”, “pink emerald” and “cesian (or caesian) beryl”. Even though it is mainly found in rare light pink to rose-colored, there are also other orange/yellow varieties.
There have been many large clear crystals of Morganite that have been found that enable fairly large and flawless crystals to be cut from them. Sometimes, morganite is heat treated in order to improve its color and remove the yellowish tones. This is achieved at relatively low temperatures.
The main sources of morganite include Brazil, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the US and Madagascar. It is very attractive for rings (including engagement rings), pendants, earrings, necklaces and bracelets.
Like aquamarine and emerald, morganite has liquid-filled inclusions. If heated, the inclusions could expand faster than the surrounding gemstones resulting in a fracture. The safest way to clean morganite is with a brush and warm and soapy water.